Swollen Ankles and Feet: 8 Known Causes of Foot & Ankle Swelling

Having swollen ankles and swollen feet is not always a call for alarm if you have been standing or walking for long. If the swollen feet or ankles are accompanied by other signs then you should seek help.  There are several causes of this problem which includes; Pregnancy complications mainly occur during pregnancy. If you […]
Swollen feet: 15 causes, treatments, and home remedies
Having swollen ankles and swollen feet is not always a call for alarm if you have been standing or walking for long. If the swollen feet or ankles are accompanied by other signs then you should seek help. 
There are several causes of this problem which includes;
  • Pregnancy complications mainly occur during pregnancy. If you experience sudden or excessive swelling, this can suggest a sign of preeclampsia, a serious condition in which high blood pressure and protein in the urine develop after the 20th week of pregnancy. If you experience severe swelling or swelling accompanied by other symptoms such as abdominal pain, headaches, infrequent urination, nausea, and vomiting, or vision changes, call your doctor immediately.
  • Lymphedema is a collection of lymphatic fluid in the tissues that can develop because of the absence of or problems with the lymph vessels or after the removal of lymph nodes. Lymph is a protein-rich fluid that normally travels along with an extensive network of vessels and capillaries. It is filtered through the lymph nodes, which trap and destroy unwanted substances, such as bacteria. When there is a problem with the vessels or lymph nodes, however, the fluid’s movement can be blocked. Untreated, lymph buildup can impair wound healing and lead to infection and deformity. Lymphedema is common following radiation therapy or removal of the lymph nodes in patients with cancer. In case you have undergone cancer treatment and experience swelling, seek medical attention.
  • Venous insufficiency the early signs of venous insufficiency is swelling of ankles and feet.  This is a condition in which blood inadequately moves up the veins from the legs and feet up to the heart. Normally, the veins keep blood flowing upward with one-way valves. When these valves become damaged or weakened, the blood leaks back down the vessels, and fluid is retained in the soft tissue of the lower legs, especially the ankles and feet. Chronic venous insufficiency can lead to skin changes, skin ulcers, and infection.
  • Infection due to an infection, you can also experience swelling in the feet and ankles.  People with diabetic neuropathy or other nerve problems of the feet are at greater risk for foot infections. If you have diabetes, it is important to inspect feet daily for blisters and sores, because nerve damage can blunt the pain sensation and foot problems can progress quickly.
  • Blood clot blood clots that form in the veins of the legs can stop the return flow of blood from the legs back up to the heart and cause swelling in the ankles and feet. Blood clots can be either superficial (occurring in the veins just beneath the skin), or deep (a condition known as deep vein thrombosis). Deep clots can block one or more of the major veins of the legs. These blood clots can be life-threatening if they break loose and travel to the heart and lungs. If you have swelling in one leg, along with pain, low-grade fever, and possibly a change in color of the affected leg, call your doctor immediately. Treatment with blood thinners may be necessary.
  • Heart, liver, or kidney disease if you experience swelling it can be a sign of problems like such as heart, liver, or kidney disease. Ankles that swell in the evening could be a sign of retaining salt and water because of right-sided heart failure. Kidney disease can also cause foot and ankle swelling. When kidneys are not functioning properly, fluid can build up in the body. Liver disease can affect the liver’s production of a protein called albumin, which keeps the blood from leaking out of the blood vessels into the surrounding tissues. Inadequate albumin production can lead to fluid leakage. Gravity causes fluid to accumulate more in the feet and ankles, but fluid can also accumulate in the abdomen and chest. If your swelling is accompanied by other symptoms, including fatigue, loss of appetite, and weight gain, see your doctor right away.
Medication side effect due to uses of many drugs it can result to swelling in the feet and ankles as a possible side effect. They include:

  • Hormones such as estrogen (found in oral contraceptives and hormone replacement therapy) and testosterone
  • Calcium channel blockers, a type of blood pressure medication, which includes nifedipine (Adalat, Afeditab, Nifediac, Nifedical, Procardia), amlodipine (Norvasc), diltiazem (Cardizem, Cartia, Dilacor, Diltia, Tiazac), felodipine (Plendil), and verapamil (Calan, Covera-HS, Isoptin, Isoptin SR, Verelan)
  • Steroids, including androgenic and anabolic steroids and corticosteroids such as prednisone
  • Antidepressants, including tricyclics, such as nortriptyline (Pamelor, Aventyl), desipramine (Norpramin), and amitriptyline (Elavil, Endep, Vanatrip); and monoamine oxidases (MAO) inhibitors such as phenelzine (Nardil) and tranylcypromine (Parnate)
  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
  • Diabetes medications.

If the swelling is caused by taking any drug to seek medical attention.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Reset Filter

No listings Found!

We are Hiring Thanks for considering Career at Clinicmen. Please complete the form below so that we can connect with you.