A person should look for medical attention if he observes any signs of a tick bite, reside in an area popular for Lyme disease, or if they have traveled from a place where Lyme disease is common.
If the disease is not treated, it can cause various other infections. The most common infections include fever, rashes on the skin, paralysis in the facial area and arthritis.
Early Signs and Symptoms of the Lyme disease:
These symptoms happen in the first 3-30 days after the tick bite. If the rashes are not present, then the symptoms like chills, headache, fatigue, muscle and joint aches, the and swollen lymph nodes, fever, etc. happen.
- Erythema migrans (EM) rash:
- Happens to around 70 to 80 % of the people who get infected from the disease.
- it starts spreading from the area of the bite and the time span of spread in 3-30 days.
- Infection increases gradually as the days pass and reach up to more than 12 inches.
- There is a feeling of hotness on the infected areas and there are less itchiness and pain.
- At some cases, the infection clears with the expansion, which then shapes itself into a “bulls-eye” shape.
- The infection can happen in any area of the body
- Mostly it is different from the erythema migrans rash
Signs and Symptoms WHICH HAPPENS IN THE LYME DISEASE AT LATER STAGES:
- Strong headaches and necks become stiff.
- EM rashes start appearing on other parts of the body too.
- Muscle tone becomes affected and droops on one or both sides of the face, which is also called facial palsy.
- Strong pain in joints and swelling, in th joints of the body and knees in particular.
- Continous pain in tendons, muscles, joints, and bones
- The heartbeat becomes irregular (Lyme carditis)
- Continous laziness and difficulty in breathing.
- Inflammation of the brain and spinal cord
- Nervous pain
- Pain and stiffness in limbs
OTHER INFORMATION ABOUT THE RASHES:
- A bump commonly appears on the site of the tick that looks like a mosquito bite. if the irritation goes away in 1-2 days, then its not a Lyme disease.
- A rash with a very similar appearance to EM occurs with Southern tick-associated Rash Illness (STARI). It is not a sign of the Lyme disease.
- Ticks can spread other germs that lead to other types of rash.