It is a progressive, immune-mediated disorder. This simplifies that the system designed to keep your body healthy mistakenly attacks parts of your body that are vital to everyday function. The protective coverings of nerve cells are damaged, which leads to diminished function in the brain and spinal cord.
MS is a disease with unpredictable symptoms that can vary in intensity. While some people experience fatigue and numbness, severe cases of MS can cause paralysis, vision loss, and diminished brain function.
Common early signs of multiple sclerosis (MS) include:
- Vision problems
- Tingling and numbness
- weakness or fatigue
- Balance problems
- Bladder and bowel dysfunction
- Sexual dysfunction
- Cognitive problems
- Emotional health
- Other symptoms
- is MS hereditary?
1. Vision problems
Visual problems are one of the most common symptoms of MS. Inflammation affects the optic nerve and disrupts central vision. This can cause blurred vision, double vision, or loss of vision.
You may not notice the vision problems immediately, as degeneration of clear vision can be slow. Pain when you look up or to one side also can accompany vision loss. There are a variety of ways to cope with MS-related vision changes.
2. Tingling and numbness
MS affects nerves in the brain and spinal cord (the body’s message center). This means it can send conflicting signals around the body. Sometimes, no signals are sent. This results in numbness.
Tingling sensations and numbness is one of the most common warning signs of MS. Common sites of numbness include the face, arms, legs, and fingers.