Facelift – Rhytidectomy
A face lift is a surgery which is conducted to help improve signs of aging on the face and neck.
With growing age, skin and tissues naturally lose their elasticity which leads to sagging and wrinkles. A Face-lift also called as rhytidectomy, which is a surgical procedure that lifts and tightens these facial tissues.
Removing excess skin, smoothing out folds or wrinkles, and tightening facial tissue is involved in Face-lift. Brow or eye lift is not included in Face-lift, although these might be done at the same time.
A Face-lift only focuses on the bottom two-thirds of the face and often the neck. People may get Face-lifts for various reasons. Common reason for getting a Face-lift is to help in disguising signs of aging.
Candidates who are fit for Face-lifts include:
- Individuals who are healthy and don’t have any medical conditions that can interfere with wound healing or recovery from surgery
- Nonsmoker or misuser of any substances
- Individuals having realistic expectations of what the surgery entails
Face-lift surgery – Cost
The average cost for a Face-lift surgery was around $7,000. The final may be higher as the cost doesn’t include hospital or surgical center costs, anesthesia, or related expenses.
The individual cost will vary depending on the results desired, the expertise of
Face-lift – How does it work?
During a Face-lift, fat and tissue are repositioned by the surgeon under the skin to:
- helps in smoothing out creases
- removing the excess skin that’s causing jowls
- lifting and tightening the facial skin
Face-lift – Procedure
Desired results may vary the Face-lift procedure
Conventionally, an incision is made in the hairline near the temples. The incision made in the hairline goes in front of the ear, down in front of and hugging the earlobe, then back to the lower scalp behind the ears.
Fat and excess skin may be removed or redistributed from the face. The muscle underlying and connective tissue are redistributed and tightened. A “mini” Face-lift may be done if the skin sagging is minimal which involves shorter incisions.
The excess skin and fat will be removed if a neck lift is also conducted with Face-lift. The skin of the neck will be tightened and pulled up and back which is often done through an incision just under the chin.
The incisions made often have dissolvable sutures or skin glue. In some cases, for the stitched to be removed a visit would have to be made to the surgeon. The incisions are made in a way that they blend with your hairline and facial structure.
After the surgery, a surgical drainage tube as well as bandages wrapping your face.
Face-lift – Risks and Side effects
Risks are associated with any medical procedure, including a Face-lift. Risks can include:
- risk of anesthesia
- cardiac events
- blood clots
- pain or scarring
- hair loss at the incision sites
- prolonged swelling
- problems with healing of wound
- A collection of blood known as hematoma under the skin that can cause swelling and pressure is the most common complication of face-lift surgery. Formation of Hematoma usually occurs with 24 hours of surgery and is treated quickly with surgery to prevent damage to skin and other tissues.
- Scars generated from incisions from a face-lift are permanent but are typically hidden by the hairline and natural contours of the face and ear. Incisions can rarely result in raised, red scars. To improve the appearance of scars Injections of a corticosteroid medication or other treatments might be used.
- Rarely caused but nerve injury can temporarily or permanently affect nerves that control sensation or muscles. Surgical involvements may offer some improvement.
- Temporary or permanent hair loss might be experienced near the incision sites. Permanent hair loss can be treated with surgery to transplant skin with hair follicles.
- A face-lift can interrupt the blood supply to facial tissues which rarely results in skin loss knowns as sloughing. Sloughing is treated with medications, appropriate wound care and, if required, a procedure to minimize scarring.
All the risks and side effects associated should be discussed with the doctor to ensure the procedure is suitable or not
What to expect after a Face-lift
Pain medication will be prescribed by the doctor after the surgery. Some pain or discomfort along with swelling and bruising may or may not be experienced. All of this is normal
Instructions will be given by the doctor on when to remove any dressings or drains and when to make a follow-up appointment.
Once the swelling goes is reduced, the difference in the look will be visible. As far as the skin to feel normal, it usually takes several months.
Typically, about two weeks should be given before resuming a normal level of daily activity. For more strenuous activity, like exercise, about four weeks needs to be waited to resume. Everyone case is different, though, so the doctor should be consulted for when to resume the usual activities.
To extend the results of Face-lift, face should be moisturized daily, protect it from the sun, and a healthy lifestyle should be lived.
The outcomes aren’t guaranteed for a Face-lift. The desired results may not be received from one surgery. A subsequent surgery is sometimes necessary.
Discussion with the doctor should be done to ensure a successful Face-lift and expectations from the surgery.
Face-lift – Preparation
Face-lift preparation is same as that to preparing for surgery of any other kind. Prior to the surgery, the doctor will ask for blood work or a pre-surgical evaluation. Certain medications may be advised to stop or the dosage will be adjusted before the procedure.
The doctor might also ask to:
- Stop smoking.
- Discontinue use of some medications such as aspirin, anti-inflammatory pain relievers, and any herbal supplements to reduce the risk of bleeding and bruising.
- Specific products to be applied to the face before the procedure.
Whether the procedure takes place at a surgical center or hospital, arrangement should be made for someone to drive to and from the surgery since the patient will be under general anesthesia. Someone might also have to stay for a night or two after the surgery as well.
Face-lift – Insurance cover
Insurance companies are less likely to pay for a Face-lift since it is a cosmetic procedure. So, an approved insurance provider should not be gone through.
A good place to start is maybe to get to know about Face-lift from friends or family and if they were satisfied with the surgeon. Do a complete research in order to be sure to choose a doctor one feels comfortable with.
Meeting with more than one plastic surgeon and getting second and third opinions may help in making a decision.
Face-lift – Self Care
Self-care at home during the first three weeks self-care at home will help in recovering and will minimize the risk of complications.
Wound care instructions directed by the surgeon should be followed
- Crusting scabs that develop on your wound should not be picked.
- Instructions to be followed on when to begin using shampoo and soaps and what kinds you can use.
- Avoid clothes that are pulled over the head).
- Excessive pressure or motion on and around the incisions should be avoided.
- Makeup should be avoided.
- Vigorous or aerobic activity or sports should be avoided.
- Direct sun exposure to be avoided to the incision for three weeks and use a sunscreen of SPF 30 or higher thereafter.
- Coloring, bleaching or perming hair for at least six weeks to be avoided.
- In the coming weeks after a face-lift, styling the hair to hide any remaining signs of the incision. Attending major social events should be delayed for a couple of months
A face-lift can give the face and neck a more appearance which is youthful. Face-lift results are temporary and with the growing age, the facial skin may begin to droop again. Generally a face-lift can be expected to last 10 years.