Use Cloth Face Coverings to Help Slow Spread

Cloth Face Covering – How to Wear? Cloth face coverings should— fit tightly but comfortably against the side of the face ties or ear loops to be secured multiple layers of fabric included allow for breathing without any restriction without damage or change to shape be able to be laundered and machine dried CDC – […]

Cloth Face Covering – How to Wear?

Side view of an individual wearing a cloth face covering, which conceals their mouth and nose areas and has a string looped behind the visible ear to hold the covering in place. The top of the covering is positioned just below the eyes and the bottom extends down to cover the chin. The visible side of the covering extends to cover approximately half of the individual’s cheek.

Cloth face coverings should—

  • fit tightly but comfortably against the side of the face
  • ties or ear loops to be secured
  • multiple layers of fabric included
  • allow for breathing without any restriction
  • without damage or change to shape be able to be laundered and machine dried

CDC – Homemade Cloth Face Coverings

CDC suggests wearing cloth face coverings in public settings where other maintaining social distancing measures is difficult (e.g., grocery stores and pharmacies), especially in areas of significant community-based transmission.

CDC also advises  simple cloth face coverings to be used to slow the spread of the virus and can be helpful to people who may have the virus and do not know it from transmitting it to others.  Cloth face coverings from common materials made or fashioned from household items or at home at low cost can be used as an additional, voluntary measure for public health.

Children under the age of 2 should not be placed with cloth face coverings , anyone who has trouble breathing, or is unconscious, incapacitated or otherwise unable to remove the mask without assistance.

The cloth face coverings suggested are not surgical masks or N-95 respirators.  Those are critical and crucial supplies that must continue to be retained for healthcare workers and other medical first responders, as suggested by the recent CDC guidance.

Frontal view of an individual wearing a cloth face covering. Individual is using two fingers to point to either side of the top of the nose, indicating that the covering fits well in this area.

How regular should cloth face coverings be washed or otherwise cleaned ?

Yes. Cloth face coverings should be routinely washed depending on the usage frequency.

A cloth face covering, how to be sterilized/cleaned safely?

A washing machine should serve as a medium in properly washing a cloth face covering.

How does one safely remove a used cloth face covering?

Individuals should be careful when removing their face covering  so that they do not to touch their eyes, nose, and mouth and hands should be washed immediately after removing.

Instructions for Sew or No sew

Cloth Face Covering- Sewn

Supplies needed to create a cloth face covering are displayed. The supplies pictured include: one sewing machine, one twelve-inch ruler, one pencil, two six inch pieces of elastic string, two rectangle pieces of cotton cloth, 1 sewing needle, 1 bobby pin, 1 spool of thread, and 1 pair of scissors.

Materials required

  • Cotton fabric of Two 10”x6” rectangles
  • Two 6” pieces of elastic (or rubber bands, string, cloth strips, or hair ties)
  • Needle and thread (or bobby pin)
  • Scissors
  • Sewing machine

Tutorial – Sewn

1. Two cut outs of 10-by-6-inch rectangles of cotton fabric. Tightly woven cotton should be used, such as quilting fabric or cotton sheets. T-shirt fabric will work in a squeeze. Two rectangles should be stacked; sew the mask as if it was a single piece of fabric.

A close up of the two rectangular pieces of cloth needed to make a cloth face covering is shown. These pieces of cloth have been cut using a pair of scissors. Each piece of cloth measures ten inches in width and six inches in length.

2. The long sides ¼ inch and hem should be folded over. Then the double layer of fabric over ½ inch  should be folded along the short sides and stitch down.

The top diagram shows the two rectangle cloth pieces stacked on top of each other, aligning on all sides. The rectangle, lying flat, is positioned so that the two ten inch sides are the top and the bottom of the rectangle, while the two six inch sides are the left and right side of the rectangle. The top diagram shows the two long edges of the cloth rectangle are folded over and stitched into place to create a one-fourth inch hem along the entire width of the top and bottom of the rectangle. The bottom diagram shows the two short edges of the cloth rectangle are folded over and stitched into place to create a one-half inch hem along the entire length of the right and left sides of the face covering.

3. On each side of the mask run a 6-inch length of 1/8-inch wide elastic through the broader hem . These will be the ear loops.  To thread it through use a large needle or a bobby pin. The ends should be tied tight.
If elastic is not available, use hair ties or elastic head bands. If there is only have string, make the ties longer and tie the mask behind thehead.

Two six inch pieces of elastic or string are threaded through the open one-half inch hems created on the left and right side of the rectangle. Then, the two ends of the elastic or string are tied together into a knot.

4. Pull on the elastic gently so that the knots are tucked inside the hem. Gather the sides of the mask on the elastic and adjust so the mask is fitting the face. Then to keep it from slipping, securely stitch the elastic in place

The diagram displays a completed face covering, in which the knots of the elastic strings are tucked inside the left and right hems of the mask and are no longer visible. The cloth is slightly gathered on its left and right sides, and additional stitching is added to the four corners of the gathered cloth rectangle, at the points where the cloth and the elastic or string overlap in these corners.

Quick Cut Face Covering (no sew method) using T-Shirt

Materials required

  • T-shirt
  • Scissors

Tutorial

A front view of a T-shirt is shown. A straight, horizontal line is cut across the entire width of the T-shirt, parallel to the T-shirt’s waistline. Using a pair of scissors, the cut is made approximately seven to eight inches above the waistline. Both the front and back layer of the T-shirt are cut simultaneously.
The rectangle piece of cloth that has been cut from the bottom portion of the T-shirt is shown, lying flat. The rectangle is positioned so that the cut that was just made across the entire width of the shirt is the top side of the rectangle while the original waistline of the T-shirt is the bottom side of the rectangle. From the top right-hand corner of the rectangle, the scissors are moved down approximately one-half inch, along the right, hemmed side of the rectangle. From this point, a six to seven-inch, horizontal cut is made through both the front and back side of the cloth, parallel to the top of the rectangle. The scissors then turn ninety-degrees to cut downward, a vertical line that is parallel to the left side of the rectangle; this cut continues downward until it reaches approximately one-half inch above the bottom of the rectangle. The scissors then turn ninety-degrees again to create another six to seven-inch, horizontal cut that runs parallel to the bottom of the rectangle, back towards the right, hemmed side of the shirt, and cuts through the right, hemmed side of the rectangle. This newly cut out piece of cloth is laid to the side. To cut tie strings, the two remaining slivers of the right side of the rectangle are cut vertically along the hem.
The final piece of cloth is unfolded and worn by an individual. The middle of the cloth piece is positioned to cover the nose and mouth area. The four thin pieces of cloth act as tie strings to hold the cloth face covering in place. The strings around neck, then over top of head are tied into knots.

Face Covering Bandana (no sew method)

Materials Required

  • Bandana (or square cotton cloth approximately 20”x20”)
  • Rubber bands or hair ties)
  • Scissors (if cutting own cloth)

Tutorial

A single bandana is shown lying flat, with the curved edge at the top. Cut bandana in half with a horizontal line.
The square bandana is shown lying flat. The bandana is then folded in half, bringing the top edge of the bandana to meet the bottom edge of the bandana.
The top half of the bandana, with the curved edge at the top, is placed in the center of the folded bandana. Then, fold filter in center of folded bandana. Fold top down. Fold bottom up, to cover the filter entirely.
Insert the folded bandana, with the filter inside, through the center of two rubber bands or hair ties. Place rubber bands or hair ties about 6 inches apart.
Take the left side and the right side of the bandana and fold each side to the middle and tuck the sides into each other.
The bandana should now be a continuous, cloth loop since the left and right sides have been tucked into each other.

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